As the global population expands, the demand for energy production and storage constantly increases. Graphene and related materials (GRMs), with their high surface area, large electrical conductivity, light weight nature, chemical stability and high mechanical flexibility have a key role to play in meeting this demand in both energy generation and storage.

Solar cells, batteries, super capacitors, hydrogen storage and fuel cells are all areas where GRMs can make a difference. These could be used to produce unique, new devices or integrate into current devices to boost their performance. For example, activated graphene enables super capacitors for energy storage and also increases their lifespan, energy capacity and charge rate for lithium ion batteries. For energy generation, GRMs, such as molybdenum disulphide, can be used to extend the lifetime of perovskite solar cells.



Examples of Energy Applications

Graphene Solar Power
Energy Generation
Creating large area perovskite solar cells with high power efficiency and long lifetimes is possible thanks to graphene. Interface engineering with graphene and related materials boosts stability and efficiency of solar cells. Graphene’s excellent electrical properties can be used to generate clean energy for a sustainable future.
University of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy), IIT  (Italy), TEI Crete (Greece)
Cooling High-Power Electronics
Thermal Management
As electronics have become more compact with combined functionality, operating at faster speeds, this has been accompanied by an increase in the heat generated in these devices. The move towards the miniaturization and multi-functionality of electronics has increased demand for improved thermal management through the application of heat spreaders, thermal interface materials, and polymer composites.
The University of Manchester (UK)
Deep Freeze for

Cryo Cooler Compressor
Using graphene, a miniaturised cooling pump cools electronic systems down to ultralow, cryogenic temperatures. The high efficiency of graphene and no moving parts means a more compact and reliable pump. This pump is therefore ideal for mobile ultralow cooling in satellites and security, communications and healthcare.
APR Technologies (Sweden), Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden), SHT (Sweden)

Advanced Heating Solutions
Heating modules
The excellent thermal and electrical properties of graphene spread heat rapidly across graphene heating modules. Graphene heaters are chemically and thermally stable and prepared with a process scalable and environmentally friendly. Graphene-based heating modules can be easily integrated in many substrates suitable for aeronautical and automotive applications.
CNR (Italy)
Energy Super Storage for Mobile Power
Graphene supercapacitors store large amounts of energy and can charge and discharge rapidly. Graphene’s excellent electrical properties allow super-fast energy transport and storing up to 100 times more energy. Graphene supercapacitors will enable superfast charging of mobile devices and make high power more portable.
Thales (France), Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (Italy)
Smart Heat for
Smart Textiles
Heating Membrane
Take heat anywhere with textile coupled with thin plastic membrane embedded with graphene network. This electrically activated membrane rapidly delivers heat, thanks to graphene’s excellent thermal properties. Therefore, graphene is excellent for smart heating textiles and delivering localised heat for outdoor activities or medical situations.
BeDimensional (Italy),
IIT (Italy)
Graphene-Boosted Batteries
Pouch and Coin Cell Batteries
Graphene batteries have improved energy storage and better performance over a lifetime of use and recharging. Adding graphene to the battery electrode improves energy capacity, lifetime and reliability. Our connected life is built on batteries. Graphene boosts performance to go further with mobile technology.
Cambridge Graphene Centre, University of Cambridge (UK)