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FET Flagship ERA-NET100FalseFLAG-ERAThe FET Flagship ERA-NET, called FLAG-ERA, gathers national and regional funding organisation with the goal of supporting the FET Flagship initiatives and more generally the FET Flagship concept. Most funding organisations in Europe participate, either directly or as associated members. The project also fosters international cooperation with funding organisations outside Europe. FLAG-ERA thus offers a platform to coordinate a wide range of sources of funding towards the realization of very ambitious research goals. FLAG-ERA contributes to the construction of the two Flagship initiatives on Graphene and Human Brain research, and also offers support to the four non-selected pilots to progress towards their goals with adapted means. It does so through a range of activities. In order to enable researchers funded through various sources to work in tight cooperation with each other in the context of the two Flagships, the funding organisations in FLAG-ERA coordinate their funding framework conditions. In order to enhance complementarities and synergies of regional, national and European research programmes and initiatives, the funding organisations share information on these programmes and initiatives, identify gaps and overlaps, and can thus adapt their thematic program and launch new initiatives according to the identified needs. In particular, they can launch transnational calls enabling researchers from different countries to propose joint contributions to the Flagships. Additionally, in order to encourage the actual construction of the Flagships and take-up of their results, the funding organisations organise networking sessions for the research communities and other stakeholders, including industry. The activities in FLAG-ERA are organised around periodic events gathering all stakeholders and structured in sessions dedicated to the various objectives and related tasks of the project. All activities are done with the long-term vision of the Flagship programme in mind, and the project extends slightly beyond the ramp-up phase in order to accompany the transition to the fully operational phase of the Flagships.29/09/2013 22:00:0029/09/2016 22:00:0036EuropeanEUEC - FP7AGENCE NATIONALE DE LA RECHERCHEFranceFrance Belgium Switzerland Germany Spain Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Latvia Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Sweden Turkey United Kingdom
Black phosphorus interlayer coupling in heterostructures with boron nitride for photonics1000FalseBrightPhotonBlack Phosphorus or P(Black) is a lamellar crystal of tervalent P atoms stacked by weak Van der Waals interactions that can be exfoliated down to the monolayer. Recent results demonstrate that quantum confinement in P(Black) thin layers leads to promising electronic properties such as an extremely high carrier mobility and tunable direct band gaps from visible to mid-infrared depending on the layer thickness. These properties have significant echoes in photonics and 2D transport physics. Studying pristine P(black) thin layers is however challenging due to the poor chemical and structural stability of elemental phosphorus. Indeed, the PI and his coworkers recently revealed a photo-activated charge transfer process involving adsorbed oxygen and water in ambient conditions that leads to a strong photo-oxidation of P(Black). Our approach targets 1- the fabrication of nano-heterostructures based on P(Black) thin layers sandwiched and or intercalated with protective Boron Nitride (BN) insulator layers ; 2- the fundamental studies of this new type of material. The scientific program focuses on the band gap study of P(black) depending on the thickness by Transmission Electron microscopy (TEM) and on electroluminescence of P(black) based heterostructures.The project represents a major leverage in the career trajectory of the PI by a fast, efficient and sustainable repatriation of this new field of research in the French and European landscape, in complete synergy with the momentum given by the EU member states on 2D related materials. Moreover this action offers, via a strong and customized training programm, a unique opportunity to the PI to acquire new and complementary skills in Boron Nitride thin layer synthesis and TEM, especially the TEM-Energy Electron Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) operating mode, that is particularly well adapted for 2D semiconductors in the hosting laboratory fully expert in these matters and with which the PI has already developed a strong phosphorus, 2D materials, photonics, heterostructures, boron nitride, electroluminescence31/03/2016 22:00:0030/03/2018 22:00:0024EuropeanEUEC - H2020CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRSFranceCENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRSFrance
Integration of Capacitor, Thermoelectric and PhotoVoltaic thin films for efficient energy conversion and storage1001FalseCapTherPVThe possibility of having a unique device that converts thermal and photonics energy into electrical energy and simultaneously stores it, is something dreamed by the PI since the beginning of her research career. To achieve that goal, this project aims to gather, in a single substrate, solar cells with up-conversion nanoparticles, thermoelectrics and graphene super-capacitor, all made of thin films. These three main components will be developed separately and integrated sequentially. The innovation proposed is not limited to the integration of components, but rely in ground-breaking concepts: 1) thermoelectric elements based on thin film (TE-TF) oxides; 2) plasmonic nanoparticles for up conversion of near infrared radiation to visible emission in solar cells; 3) graphene super-capacitors; 4) integration and optimization of all components in a single CapTherPV device. This ambitious project will bring new insights at large area, low cost and flexible energy harvesting and comes from an old idea of combining energy conversion and storage that has been pursued by the PI. She started her career in amorphous silicon thin film solar cells, later she started the development of thin film batteries and more recently started a research line in thermoelectric films. If approved, this project will give financial support to consolidate the research being carried out and will give independence to the PI in terms of resources and creative think. More importantly, will facilitate the concretization of the dream that has been pursued with hard work.N/A30/06/2015 22:00:0029/06/2020 22:00:0060EuropeanEUEC - H2020NOVA ID FCT - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INOVACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA FCTPortugalNOVA ID FCT - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INOVACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA FCTPortugal
Immune activity Mapping of Carbon Nanomaterials1002FalseCARBO-IMmapThe CARBO-IMmap project involves key players in Europe, US, Qatar and China with the aim to advance the field of carbon nanomaterial development and their exploitation biomedical applications. The long-range goal of Carbo-IMmap is to develop a functional pipeline for the immune-characterization of carbon nanomaterials, for the qualitative and quantitative assessment in vitro and ex vivo of the human immune compatibility and immune activity of newly developed carbon materials. The project aims to: 1) design and synthetize a panel of 5 types of highly stable and water-soluble nanomaterials, characterized by finely tuned properties by controlling their size and composition, and to obtain these nanomaterials in large amounts with nearly identical size and shape and degree of functionalization; 2) achieve a quantitative understanding of the immune activity (stimulation/ anergy/ suppression) of the selected materials upon the 5 subpopulations of the immune blood cells; 3) correlate the physicochemical properties (size and chemical functionalization) of the nanomaterials with their immune properties; 4) establish a consolidated network between leading EU and extra-EU institutes to provide a stimulating international environment for talented young researchers; 5) advance the level of R&D in participant countries and foster technology transfer and dissemination; 6) raise the awareness of the general public on the prospects of carbon nanomaterials in future biomedical applications. Scientists will be formed by "training by research" stays at host labs, leading to an interdisciplinary and international formation. Funding of this program will enable long-term, transformative research collaborations that will contribute to the integration and collaboration of research groups of 4 European Countries (Germany, Italy, France and Spain) and 3 key non-EU Countries: USA, China and Qatar.Graphene; Carbon nanotube; Carbon based nanomaterials; Immunomics; Nanotoxicology28/02/2017 23:00:0027/02/2021 23:00:0048EuropeanEUEC - H2020UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI SASSARIItalyUNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI SASSARI;ASOCIACION CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION COOPERATIVA EN BIOMATERIALES- CIC biomaGUNE;CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS;SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY;SIDRA MEDICAL AND RESEARCH CENTER;TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DRESDEN;WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITYItaly Spain France China Quatar Germany United States
Next-generation of high performance, ultra-light carbon nanotube based heaters1003FalseCarbon HeatersWe have created a high performance, ultra-light and ultra strong carbon nanotube (CNT) film electrical heaters. Compared to traditional heating materials, they are super fast (reach the terminal temperature in less than (1/4s), lighter (100x), resistant to corrosion (concentrated acids do not affect them) and cheaper (a fraction of the cost). The heaters are fully scalable from nano-sized devices to full size applications on commercial aircrafts. Previous experiments involved a range of material sizes, from transformations on a molecular level to rapid de-icing of a model aircraft . The performance of the heaters revealed a12,000,000% advantage by weight over the current most common heating alternative: resistive wires made of nickelchromiumalloy. In this proposal, we show how this invention could alleviate the problem of aircraft de-icing.heater, carbon nanotubes, graphene, functional materials30/11/2014 23:00:0028/02/2016 23:00:0015EuropeanEUEC - H2020THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGEUnited KingdomTHE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGEUnited Kingdom
Carbon-based nano-materials for theranostic application1004FalseCARTHEROur proposal aims to carry out a systematic interdisciplinary study of carbon-based nanomaterials, such as: carbon fluoroxide nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, graphene and nanodiamonds for advanced theranostic application. Their uptake efficiency and specific localization in biological cells depending on intentionally designed surface chemistry will be studied in details. Extremely rich physico-chemical properties of the carbon-based nanomaterials will allow their application as multi-modal bio-imaging agents. Indeed, in addition to their well-known remarkable luminescent properties, two original bio-imaging approaches based on photo-induced electrical and acoustic effects will be developed in frames of our project. Moreover, the photo-exciting sources used for the bio-imaging purpose will be simultaneously used for therapy of cancer cells and tissues containing the carbon nanomaterials. Strongly complementary research experiences of the international partners involved in this project as well as high degree of cooperative integration between them will allow a deep scientific study of the theranostic potential of the carbon nanomaterials. Finally, active participation of the Ray Technique Ltd industrial company in the project consortium will allow building of strategies for economic realizations of the innovative achievements succeeded by the partners.Carbon nanomaterials, bio-imaging, cancer diagnostics and therapy31/12/2015 23:00:0030/12/2019 23:00:0048EuropeanEUEC - H2020INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE LYONFranceINSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQUEES DE LYON;ASTON UNIVERSITY;CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS;CORPORATION SCIENCE PARK TARAS SHEVCHENKO UNIVERSITY OF KYIV;RAY TECHNIQUES LTD;UNIVERSITE LYON 1 CLAUDE BERNARDFrance United Kingdom Ukraine Israel
Towards chemical accuracy in computational materials science1005FalseCC4SOLThis project aims at the development of a novel toolbox of ab-initio methods that approximate the true many-electron wavefunction using systematically improvable perturbation and coupled-cluster theories. The demand and prospects for these methods are excellent given that the highly-accurate coupled-cluster theories can predict atomization- and reaction energies in a wide range of solids and molecules with chemical accuracy (≈43 meV). However, the computational cost involved inhibits their widespread use in the field of materials science so far. A multitude of suggested developments in the present proposal hold the promise to reduce the computational cost beyond what is currently considered possible by the community. These include explicit correlation methods that augment the conventional wavefunction expansion with terms that depend on the electron pair correlation factors. In contrast to the widely-used homogeneous correlation factors, this proposal aims at the investigation of inhomogeneous correlation factors that can also capture van der Waals interactions. Furthermore this proposal seeks to employ a recently developed combination of atom-centered basis functions and plane wave basis sets, maximizing the compactness in the wavefunction expansion. The combination of these ideas bears the potential to reduce the computational cost of coupled-cluster calculations in solids by three orders of magnitude, leading to a breakthrough in the field of highly-accurate ab-initio simulations. As such the study of challenging solid state physics and chemistry problems forms an important part of this proposal. We seek to investigate molecular adsorption and reactions in zeolites and on surfaces, pressure-driven solid-solid phase transitions of two dimensional layered materials and defects in solids. These problems are paradigmatic for van der Waals interactions and strong correlation, and methods that describe their electronic structure accurately are highly sought after.First Principles simulation, Many-electron theories, Ab-initio, Quantum Chemistry, Coupled Cluster theory31/03/2017 22:00:0030/03/2022 22:00:0060EuropeanEUEC - H2020MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EVGermanyMAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EVGermany
Chemical Engineering of Functional Stable Metal-Organic Frameworks: Porous Crystals and Thin Film Devices1006Falsechem-fs-MOFMetal-Organic-Frameworks (MOFs) offer appealing advantages over classical solids from combination of high surface areas with the crystallinity of inorganic materials and the synthetic versatility (unlimited combination of metals and linkers for fine tuning of properties) and processability of organic materials. Provided chemical stability, I expect combination of porosity with manipulable electrical and optical properties to open a new world of possibilities, with MOFs playing an emerging role in fields of key environmental value like photovoltaics, photocatalysis or electrocatalysis. The conventional insulating character of MOFs and their poor chemical stability (only a minimum fraction are hydrolytically stable) are arguably the two key limitations hindering further development in this context. With chem-fs-MOF I expect to deliver: 1. New synthetic routes specifically designed for producing new, hydrolytically stable Fe(III) and Ti(IV)-MOFs (new synthetic platforms for new materials). 2. More advanced crystalline materials to feature tunable function by chemical manipulation of MOF’s optical/electrical properties and pore activity (function-led chemical engineering). 3. High-quality ultrathin films, reliant on the transfer of single-layers, alongside establishing the techniques required for evaluating their electric properties (key to device integration). Recent works on graphene and layered dichalcogenides anticipate the benefits of nanostructuration for more efficient optoelectronic devices. Notwithstanding great potential, this possibility remains still unexplored for MOFs. Overall, I seek to exploit MOFs’ unparalleled chemical/structural flexibility to produce advanced crystalline materials that combine hydrolytical stability and tunable performance to be used in environmentally relevant applications like visible light photocatalysis. This is an emerging research front that holds great potential for influencing future R&D in Chemistry and Materials Science.Materials Synthesis, Functional Advanced Materials, Metal-Organic Frameworks, Porous Crystals, Chemical Stability, Photocatalysis, Structure-properties Relations31/12/2016 23:00:0030/12/2021 23:00:0060EuropeanEUEC - H2020UNIVERSITAT DE VALENCIASpainUNIVERSITAT DE VALENCIASpain
Structural Engineering of 2D Atomic Planes towards Task-Specific, Freestanding Superstructures through Combined Physical-Chemical Pathway1007FalseCHEPHYTSSUThe research on 2D nanomaterials has boomed since the discovery of graphene by professors Geim and Novoselov in 2004. After a decade of steady development, the available library of 2D crystals is highly rich including graphene derivatives, hexagonal boron nitride, many chalcogenides and various oxides. However, the technological advances and urgent environmental and sustainable energy issues such as CO2 capture and separation, energy storage and conversion (photovoltatic system, supercapacitor etc) call for advanced materials with not only properties of individual layers but also new functionalities. Particularly, researches on superstructures with unique properties such as amphiphilicity still remain blank. Physically, it is now possible to create such hybrid superstructures by placing different 2D crystals on top of each other in a designed sequence; while engineering the 2D units through a chemical way endows a high flexibility in surface chemistry tailoring and increase the mechanical stability due to the strongly bonded interface. Taking these into consideration, here we propose a combined chemical-physical pathway to engineer task-specific, mechanically freestanding superstructures based on 2D atomic planes in a simple and scalable manner. Three new material concepts are proposed including amphiphilic superstructure (hydrophilic outer layer and hydrophobic inner layer), gas selective superstructure (CO2-phililc outer layer and gas shape selective inner layer) and flexible superstructure with outer layer functionalized with metal oxide nanoparticles confined in ordered mesopores and inner conductive graphene. The obtained superstructures with these structural features will be oriented environmental and sustainable energy issues such as CO2 capture and separation, water purification and flexible electrode. Finally, structure-performance relationship will be unraveled fundamentally.Graphene; 2D materials; 2D superstructures; CO2 capture; CO2 separation; energy storage; energy conversion24/07/2016 22:00:0023/07/2018 22:00:0024EuropeanEUEC - H2020THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTERUnited KingdomTHE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTERUnited Kingdom
Birth of solids: atomic-scale processes in crystal nucleation1008FalseCLUSTERThe goal of this project is to explore the fundamental processes which trigger the nucleation and growth of solids. Condensed matter is formed by clustering of atoms, ions or molecules. This initial step is key for the onset of crystallization, condensation and precipitate formation. Yet, despite of the scientific and technological significance of these phenomena, on an atomistic level we merely have expectations on how atoms should behave rather than experimental evidence about how the growth of solid matter is initiated. The classical nucleation theory is commonly in agreement with experiments, provided the original and the final stages are inspected qualitatively. However, the classical theory does not define what fundamentally constitutes a pre-nucleation state or how a nucleus is formed at all. CLUSTER aims at investigating the very early stages of crystalline matter formation on an unprecedented length scale. It shall explore the atomic mechanisms which prompt the formation of solids. Complemented by density functional theory calculations and molecular dynamics simulations, in-situ high-resolution electron microscopy shall be used to investigate the formation, dynamics, stability and evolution of tiniest atomic clusters which represent the embryos of solid matter. Firstly, we investigate the 3D structure of clusters deposited on suspended graphene. Secondly, we focus on cluster formation, the evolution of sub-critical nuclei and the onset of particle growth by thermal activation. Thirdly, using a novel liquid-cell approach in the transmission electron microscope, we control and monitor in-situ cluster formation and precipitation in supersaturated solutions. The results of CLUSTER, which will advance the understanding of the birth of solid matter, are important for the controlled synthesis of (nano-)materials, for cluster science and catalysis and for the development of novel materials.Nucleation; Phase transition; Atomic cluster; In-situ liquid-Cell transmission electron microscopy31/05/2016 22:00:0030/05/2021 22:00:0060EuropeanEUEC - H2020EIDGENOSSISCHE MATERIALPRUFUNGS- UND FORSCHUNGSANSTALTSwitzerlandEIDGENOSSISCHE MATERIALPRUFUNGS- UND FORSCHUNGSANSTALTSwitzerland

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