What is graphene?

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What is graphene?

Graphene – a single layer of carbon atoms – may be the most amazing and versatile substance available to mankind.
​​​​​​​​​​In simple terms, graphene is a two-dimensional atomic crystal made up of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. Due to its unique combination of superior properties, graphene is a credible starting point for new disruptive technologies across a wide range of fields.

 Introducing Mr. G

Graphene is the thinnest compound known to man at one atom thick (a million times thinner than a human hair), the strongest compound discovered (between 100-300 times stronger than steel), the lightest material known (with one square meter coming in at around 0,77 milligrams) and flexible.

It is also impermeable to molecules, and is extremely electrically and thermally conductive – graphene enables electrons to flow much faster than silicon. It is also a transparent conductor, combining electrical and optical functionalities in an exceptional way.

Graphene can be thought of as a giant molecule that is available for chemical modification, with potential for a wide variety of applications, ranging from electronics to composite materials.

It is also relatively cheap to produce in comparison with other materials.

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Publishing date: 27 April 2016 12:59