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photodetector photonics light illustration
Photonics / Annual Report 2023

Graphene and 2D materials in photonics: A revolutionary leap in technology

In the vast landscape of modern science and technology, graphene and two-dimensional materials (2DM) have emerged as game-changers, revolutionising industries with their remarkable properties and diverse applications. Among the myriad fields benefiting from their extraordinary characteristics, photonics stands out as one of the most promising domains. Photonics, the science and technology of generating, detecting and controlling photons, has found new avenues for innovation and advancement through the integration of graphene and 2D materials. In this article, we delve into the captivating realm of photonics and explore how graphene and 2D materials are reshaping its landscape, opening up unprecedented possibilities and paving the way for groundbreaking discoveries. 

By Graphene Flagship / 02 July 2024
Inge Asselberghs
2D-EPL / 2DM

2D-EPL: Creating an ecosystem for 2DM integration

The 2D Experimental Pilot Line (2D-EPL), now in its fourth and final year, is a €20 million project launched to address the challenges of upscaling 2D material production processes for the semiconductor industry. The project helps create a European ecosystem for the integration of 2D materials in applications like sensors, electronics and photonics.  

By Graphene Flagship / 26 June 2024
Europe EC European Flag
Annual Report 2023

Europe in the Lead

In 2013, the European Commission (EC) started its largest research and innovation project to date: the Graphene Flagship, with a budget of €1 billion. This project ran for ten years and provided funding to a consortium of approximately 170 academic and industrial partners spanning 22 countries and collaborating on the development of marketable products containing graphene and related 2D materials. The project and investment have been largely successful, with collaboration and longevity pinpointed as being the biggest benefits of the project, which generated €5.9 billion in economic impact and helped to create 81,622 jobs. Considering the success of the Graphene Flagship and the European Union’s aim to strengthen science and technology within its borders, the initiative will continue under the Horizon Europe programme. 

By Graphene Flagship / 19 June 2024
Patrik Johansson
Annual Report 2023 / Leadership

From the (new) Director

The last year was nothing like any of the preceeding years for the Graphene Flagship. We celebrated the first ten years of the project as we closed Core 3, and with it the single-project structure of the Flagship. The five-day final review and the broader assesment of the past decade meant a lot of hard work by many. In the end, I think we can proudly say that we have delivered beyond expectations and given European tax-payers extremely good value for their money. It was not a true ending, but nevertheless a feeling of departure for many in the community – the end of the Graphene Flagship as we knew it. 

By Graphene Flagship / 05 June 2024
Photonic integrated chip in blue and orange colour scheme.
GATEPOST / Graphene / Electronics

First photonic integrated GATEPOST chip

First major milestone achieved in the EU GATEPOST project: All eight European project partners from industry and science meet to discuss the progress of the project and reflect on the development work of the last six months.

By Graphene Flagship / 29 May 2024
wafer 2D-EPL symposium
2D-EPL / Milestones / Our project

Graphene Flagship celebrates successes of first-of-its-kind 2D materials project

The Graphene Flagship is hosting a symposium from June 11 to 12 at the Town Hall Europe, Brussels, to celebrate the successes of its €20 million 2D Experimental Pilot Line (2D-EPL) project. Representing the first graphene foundry to integrate graphene and other 2D materials into semiconductor devices, the symposium will demonstrate the 2D-EPL’s progress in creating an ecosystem for 2D materials within electronics, photonics and biomedical devices.

By Graphene Flagship / 23 May 2024
Graphene Flagship Director Patrik Johansson
Our project / Milestones / Collaboration

Graphene Flagship Exhibition Opens in Brussels

On Friday, 26 April 2024, the Graphene Flagship launched an exhibition celebrating the initiative's decade of success and plans for the future in the European Commission's Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CNECT) offices in Brussels. Roberto Viola, Director-General for DG CNECT delivered the keynote talk, praising the success of the project and its contribution to the European 2D materials ecosystem.

By Graphene Flagship / 03 May 2024
wafer mpw run 6
2D-EPL / Electronics / Sensors


Multi project wafer (MPW) runs are a common practice within the semiconductor ecosystem. Universities, R&D centres and start ups, which usually only need a few prototypes and operate with tight budgets, take advantage of this service to obtain devices at an affordable entry point. This is carried out with a mask sharing scheme, where devices with different geometries but shared device architecture are manufactured within the same mask; in this way, everyone gets a few devices but no one needs to purchase more devices than necessary. Now, Graphenea partners with the 2D Experimental Pilot Line (2D-EPL) to offer an MPW run with a novel process flow.

By Graphene Flagship / 18 April 2024